A multi-level model of sexual risk-taking among young people in Nyanza, Kenya
Eric Tenkorang, Population Studies Centre, University of Western Ontario
Eleanor Maticka-Tyndale, University of Windsor
Although various studies have emphasized the theoretical relevance of school/community level variables to AIDS prevention among young people in sub-Saharan Africa, only few studies have tested the empirical connections between such variables and sexual behaviors. Using data collected from 2075 sexually active standard 6 and 7 students in 160 schools and applying hierarchical linear models, this study attempts to estimate the impact of both individual and school/community level variables on condom use among young people in Nyanza, Kenya. Results indicate that both individual level and school/community level variables have significant effects on condom use at last sexual encounter. At the school/community level, the socio-economic status of the school, the religious group sponsoring the school, what church leaders say about condoms, and HIV/AIDS risks from both traditional and social events in the community had significant effects on condom use for boys. For girls, however, no significant relationships were found between school/community level variables and condom use.