Socioeconomic inequality and mortality in Iran
Maryam Tirani, University of Isfahan
Mohsen Porasgari, University of Isfahan
Halimeh Enayat, Shiraz University
Background:Socioeconomic inequality in health has been a major concern in public health.This study examined socioeconomic inequality and mortality and the impact on inequality by specific cause of deaths in 2004 in Iran. Methods:We used a dichotomous hierarchical ordered probit model to develop an indicator of socioeconomic status of households.We assessed the inequality in mortality by using the odds ratio of mortality between the lowest and highest socioeconomic quintiles at national levels Mortality gradient by SEP for selected major causes of death in the population aged 0–49 years was examined using by quintile and rate ratio of mortality across quintiles. Results:The poorest to richest odds ratio was 2.4. This inequality varied between sex,cause of death and distinct. Accident,cardiovascular diseases and cancer are the main causes of death in contemporary in Iran in age 49-0 years. Conclusions:Socioeconomic inequality in mortality favors the better-off in richest in the country as a whole.