The relationship between migration and timing of birth in Nang Rong, Thailand
Sukanya Chongthawonsatid, Ministry of Public Health, Thailand
Pimonpan Isarabhakdi, Mahidol University
Aree Jampaklay, Mahidol University
Barbara Entwisle, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
This study examines differences in the timing of birth between migrants and non-migrants drawing on retrospective event history data. The analysis employs the Andersen and Gill, or AG model, for repeated events is a statistical model used to compute “Marital Duration-Specific Fertility Rate”. The results show that after 21 years of marriage 17% of migrants had never given birth, whereas at the same time only 11% of non-migrants had never given birth. Migrants have a smaller chance of giving birth than do non-migrants. The median time to a birth is 2.11 years for non-migrants and 2.77 years for migrants. In addition, the findings show that the likelihood of having a birth decreased by 21% for current migrants compared to non-migrants. The statistical model shows that education and occupation have powerful effects on fertility. The results confirm the hypotheses of selectivity, disruption, and adaptation effects of migration on fertility.