Demographic transition and living arrangements of aged people in Latin America. A comparison of two countries at different stages of demographic transition: Dominican Republic and Argentina.
Enrique Peláez, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba
Jafmary Feliz, Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas. República Dominicana
This paper describes and compares living arrangements of older adults in 2 Latin American countries in different stage of demographic transition, such as Argentina and Dominican Republic. The sources of information used were the microdata census of population, Demographic Bulletins (ECLAC/CELADE), System of Indicators with comparable information for countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, which allows the follow-up of the ICPD Program of Action (Cairo 1994) and Regional Plan of Action and the Regional System of Indicators on Aging SISE developed by UNFPA and Celade. Population aging is an unrelenting challenge for social policies in Latin America. Unlike Europe that became enriched first and then aged, in Latin America this process coexists with many shortcomings and social problems still unresolved. The impact analysis of differences in the demographic transition between Argentina and Dominican Republic on the living arrangements of the elderly will be the main objective of the study.