Negative reality of the HIV positives: evaluating welfare loss in a low prevalence country
Sanghamitra Das, Indian Statistical Institute
Abhiroop Mukhopadhyay, Indian Statistical Institute
Tridip Ray, Indian Statistical Institute
Using primary household data from India we estimate the impact of HIV on a household's welfare (which takes into account consumption, schooling, physical and mental health). We estimate that the monetary equivalent of the welfare loss to an HIV family is Rs. 66,039 per month, whereas the losses to an HIV male and female are Rs. 67,601 and Rs. 65,120 per month respectively. These figures are huge given that the average per capita consumption expenditure of the families in our sample is just Rs. 1,019 per month. This huge magnitude is not surprising as it includes private valuation of one’s own life as well as the cost of stigma for being HIV positive. In addition, the annual loss from external transfers (through debt, sale of assets and social insurance) accounts for 2.6% of annual health expenditure and 0.12% of GDP in 2004.